WHO releases guidelines to help countries maintain basic health services during the COVID-19 pandemic - Pak Jobs Bank

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Thursday, 2 April 2020

WHO releases guidelines to help countries maintain basic health services during the COVID-19 pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic is putting pressure on health systems around the world. With the sharp increase in demand for health facilities and medical staff, some health systems may be stretched to the point of failing to function effectively.

Previous outbreaks have shown that when health systems are overwhelmed, mortality from diseases that could otherwise be prevented with vaccines and other treatable diseases could rise dramatically. During the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak, new deaths from measles, malaria, HIV / AIDS and tuberculosis exceeded Ebola deaths due to health system failures [1,2].

WHO Director-General Tan Desai emphasized, "Establishing a strong health system is the best way to fight any outbreak. The COVID-19 epidemic has exposed the health systems and services in many countries around the world. As a result, countries have to Make difficult choices about how best to meet the needs of our people. "

To help countries meet these challenges, the World Health Organization (WHO) has updated its business planning guidelines to directly respond to the needs of COVID-19 while maintaining the supply of essential health services and reducing the risk of system breakdown. Countries should consider taking a series of targeted actions immediately at the national, regional and local levels to make appropriate adjustments to maintain access to high-quality basic health services for all.

The state should determine key basic services, strive to maintain continuous services, and make strategic adjustments to ensure that the use of increasingly limited resources will bring maximum benefits to its people. The state also needs to adopt the highest standards of protection, especially in maintaining good hygiene practices, and provide adequate medical supplies, such as personal protective equipment. This requires strong plans, and close coordination between the government and medical institutions and their managers.

Basic services include: routine vaccination; reproductive health services, including care during pregnancy and childbirth; care for young children and the elderly; mental health issues and management of noncommunicable diseases and infectious diseases such as HIV, malaria and tuberculosis Important hospitalizations; management of emergency health issues; ancillary services such as basic diagnostic imaging, laboratory services, and blood bank services.

A well-organized and well-prepared health system can continue to provide equitable access to basic services during emergencies, limit direct deaths, and avoid an increase in indirect deaths.

The guide emphasizes the importance of providing up-to-date information. This requires frequent information to the public and strong community involvement so that the public can maintain trust in the health system, believe that the health system can safely meet basic needs and control the risk of infection in medical institutions. This will help ensure that people continue to seek medical advice and follow public health advice when appropriate

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